According to the World Health Organization, there are an estimated 422 million people diagnosed with diabetes in 2014, one of the most prevalent diseases affecting mostly adults worldwide. Diabetes is a chronic disease wherein there is insufficient insulin in the body that can convert the glucose into energy that the cells need.
The glucose will eventually stay in the bloodstream, causing numerous complications, such as heart disease, stroke, kidney and eye problems, nerve damage and many more especially if left untreated. As of this day and time, there’s still no cure to eliminate diabetes into the system of the body, but there are things that can help to treat high sugar level and prevent further complications from happening.
The following are the 5 steps on how to improve your health as a diabetic;
1. Early Diagnosis – early testing for diabetes is a good precursor from future complications. There are relatively inexpensive tests (such as fasting glucose test, oral glucose tolerance test, and A1c test) available in the clinics and hospitals to test yourself from diabetes. Being well-informed on what is happening inside your body and the type of diabetes you have is a great on-set on how you should treat the disease better.
2. Use of Insulin – with little to no insulin present in a diabetic body, injecting insulin after every meal is used to regulate the glucose from getting too high after consuming food. There are different types of insulin available in the market depending on what way the high sugar level should be treated and how fast should it affect our system. This medication is the most common treatment for type 1 diabetes.
3. Taking Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors and Biguanides – for type 2 diabetes, lack of insulin is not the main problem, but the body no longer uses it to break down sugars. Due to insulin resistance, people with this type of diabetes resort to oral medications such as medicines listed above to make the body become sensitive to insulin, help break down sugar and starch, and aid in glucose absorption in the muscles.
4. Planning a proper meal – it is no secret that having an unhealthy diet can lead to diabetes. Having a healthy proper meal pattern is the key step in treating the disease from getting worse. Cutting down starchy carbohydrate foods can aid in controlling the level of sugar in the body. Always remember that packaged, processed and fast foods are all high in sugar. Also, eating too much high protein food, especially animal meats can cause insulin resistance. Balancing out the portion of each nutrient is important for a well-balanced diet.
5. Active and healthy lifestyle – regular exercise and staying active can help burn the unnecessary fats in the body. Quitting smoking should also be taken into consideration. With diabetes attacking the body, chances of health implication caused by smoking can be doubled. By being aware what are the things that are harmful in the body can prevent and delay the aftereffects of the diabetes.
The cause of diabetes may vary for everyone. It can be due to environmental factors, family medical history, unhealthy diet and lifestyle, changes of hormone during pregnancy, and many more. However, even with all those risks involved, we are still responsible on our own body and that should never stop us from maximizing the life we have.